This workshop is part of a European ALFA project, ADU_2020 “The Restructuring of Higher Education for the 21st Century in the Expanded Field of Architecture, Design and Urbanism (ADU)” that focuses on rethinking the education of ADU professionals to meet the demands of the current globalised and changing context (see www.adu2020.org). The project determined four questions to tackle those issues:
– What are the future challenges for ADU in the framework of the new professional fields? How do the professions of architecture, design and urbanism change?
– What is the impact of interdisciplinarity, design thinking, research by design on ADU education?
– What are the common and local competences to achieve success in the different tracks?
– What are the new educational strategies in function of the changes in the professional world?
ADU_2020 involves 18 partner universities (13 from Latin America and 5 from Europe) and carries out activities through which these questions are tackled: parallel studios, workshops, conferences and visits among the partner universities. The following brief corresponds to the 9th ADU Workshop to be carried our at the Campus Lo Contador, Facultad de Arquitectura, Diseño y Estudios Urbanos, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, from the March 16th to 24th, 2014.
BACKGROUND AND WORKSHOP TOPIC
Santiago de Chile, a city of over six million inhabitants, has been suffering a rapid urbanization process characterized by urban sprawl and a strong spatial segregation, leaving vast areas of the city without sufficient equipment and services for the population. Both realities –the extensive growth and urban segregation– are the main challenges of the Chilean metropolitan urban public policy.
On the other hand, the Metro system –the emblematic modern infrastructure of the city– has had an unequal effect of densification and valuation of the land: in some sectors it triggered a densification and urban development process, while in others it has had little effect. Recent studies show that the under-developed areas around the metro stations could provide the land needed to cover the next ten years of expected growth of the city through a densification process.
The Workshop proposes as topic the challenge of generating urban density in the areas suurounding a selection of Metro stations. Density understood as the production of places that host intense activities and functions, able to accommodate and integrate diverse users and functions. Careful observation and analysis of the cases will allow the students to be able of offering innovative alternatives to not only detonate the densification of the areas involved, but also to integrate heterogeneous social groups and a mixture of uses that will provide services and equipment to the surrounding areas. The key concepts to be tested in the exercise are:
Living in density requires the careful design of public, collective and private space, of thresholds and intermediate spaces that articulate the relations between inhabitants and visitors, of urban equipment and services, of spaces of interaction and encounter.
Density has the potential of promoting activities and intensity of use, generative space where new encounters and relationships can occur. It has the potential to generate and consolidate sustainable communities
Intensity has the potential to allow diverse functions, activities and households to share and complement their needs and requirements in urban space. Diversity of functions and activities is inherent to sustainable urban space
Metro stations have the ability to generate subcentralities characterized by their surrounding environment; i.e. commercial, cultural, university or other type of subcentrality. The working agenda aims at recognizing the needs and aspirations, explicit and implicit, of the inhabitants and neighbourhoods to build and potentiate such a centrality. The type of centre or subcentre that will respond to urban and architectural problems at neighbourhood and city level.
The workshop will be carried out in 11 working groups. Each one will be headed by a visiting lecturer from an ADU partner university along with a local teacher. International guests are coming from Belgium, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, United Kingdom, Spain, Greece, Guatemala, Panama, Peru and Sweden. There will also be national guests from the UC School of Engineering, Universidad Diego Portales, Universidad Técnica Metropolitana, Metropolitan Regional Government, Transantiago, Providencia and Puente Alto Local Authorities, in addition to featured professionals. The workshop is directed to undergraduate students from the Schools of Architecture and Design.
The Workshop aims at the generation of exploratory work through transdisciplinary approaches, integrating students and teachers from different backgrounds. The process will be considered as important as the results, where innovation and critical thinking will be encouraged.
Each Unit will be assigned one Metro station. The selection has considered a varied typology where different urban problems will be involved. The following figure shows the selected 11 Metro stations over the metro network and the city